Yes. Learn to think with mental models.
Basically your brain already constructs models of reality and uses those to reason about what you experience. Consciously leverage that capability and think about what model you are currently applying and how that model both gives you an advantage and simultaneously limits you in certain ways, because it necessarily discards information.
For example, what you think you see is not what you actually see. The light entering your eyes is filtered and downsampled through hundreds of pre-processor nodes in your eyeball before it even hits the optic nerve, then it goes into your brain which attempts to make sense of the shapes and colors and motions and applies prior learning to it to create a model. That model is what you perceive.
Here's a really good list of articles on thinking with mental models, along with an evolving list of useful mental models: https://fs.blog/mental-models/
Also there is (or was) a free course on Coursera called Model Thinking or similar that is outstanding and doesn't require anything more than the most basic 9th grade algebra concepts in a few places. https://www.coursera.org/learn/model-thinking